Human access and landscape structure effects on Andean forest bird richness

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Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_4F1CBF72DB14
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Human access and landscape structure effects on Andean forest bird richness
Journal
Acta Oecologica
Author(s)
Aubad, J., , Aragón  P., Rodríguez  M.Á.
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Pages
396-402
Abstract
We analyzed the influence of human access and landscape structure on forest birds pecies richness in a fragmented landscape of the Colombian Andes. In Latin America,habitat loss and fragmentation are considered as the greatest threats to biodiversity because a large number of countryside villagers complement their food and incomes with the extraction of forest resources. Anthropogenic actions may also affect forests pecies by bird hunting or indirectly through modifying the structure of foresthabitats. We surveyed 14 secondary cloud forest remnants to generate birds pecies richness data for each of them. We also quantified six landscape structure descriptors of forest patch size (patch area and corea rea), shape (perimeter of each fragment and the Patton's shape index) and isolation (nearest neighbor distance and edge contrast), and generated (using principal components analysis) a synthetic human influence variable based on the distance of each fragment to road sandvillages, as well as the total slope of the fragments. Species richness was related to these variables using generalized linear models (GLMs)
complemented with model selection techniques based on information theory and partial regression analysis. We found that forest patch size and accessibility were key drivers of bird richness, which increased toward largest patches, but decreased in those morea ccessible to humans and their potential disturbances. Both patch area and human access effects on forest bird species richness were complementary and similar in magnitude. Our results provide a basis for biodiversity conservation plans and initiatives of Andean forest diversity.
Keywords
Akaike's Information Criterion, Cloud forest, Forest birds, Generalized linear models, Habitat fragmentation, Species richness
Create date
14/01/2011 14:26
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:04
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