Amino acid substitutions in the cytochrome P-450 lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51A1) from azole-resistant Candida albicans clinical isolates contribute to resistance to azole antifungal agents

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_4F0389DE78F7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Amino acid substitutions in the cytochrome P-450 lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51A1) from azole-resistant Candida albicans clinical isolates contribute to resistance to azole antifungal agents
Journal
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Author(s)
Sanglard  D., Ischer  F., Koymans  L., Bille  J.
ISSN
0066-4804 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/1998
Volume
42
Number
2
Pages
241-53
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Feb
Abstract
The cytochrome P-450 lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51A1) of yeasts is involved in an important step in the biosynthesis of ergosterol. Since CYP51A1 is the target of azole antifungal agents, this enzyme is potentially prone to alterations leading to resistance to these agents. Among them, a decrease in the affinity of CYP51A1 for these agents is possible. We showed in a group of Candida albicans isolates from AIDS patients that multidrug efflux transporters were playing an important role in the resistance of C. albicans to azole antifungal agents, but without excluding the involvement of other factors (D. Sanglard, K. Kuchler, F. Ischer, J.-L. Pagani, M. Monod, and J. Bille, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 39:2378-2386, 1995). We therefore analyzed in closer detail changes in the affinity of CYP51A1 for azole antifungal agents. A strategy consisting of functional expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae of the C. albicans CYP51A1 genes of sequential clinical isolates from patients was designed. This selection, which was coupled with a test of susceptibility to the azole derivatives fluconazole, ketoconazole, and itraconazole, enabled the detection of mutations in different cloned CYP51A1 genes, whose products are potentially affected in their affinity for azole derivatives. This selection enabled the detection of five different mutations in the cloned CYP51A1 genes which correlated with the occurrence of azole resistance in clinical C. albicans isolates. These mutations were as follows: replacement of the glycine at position 129 with alanine (G129A), Y132H, S405F, G464S, and R467K. While the S405F mutation was found as a single amino acid substitution in a CYP51A1 gene from an azole-resistant yeast, other mutations were found simultaneously in individual CYP51A1 genes, i.e., R467K with G464S, S405F with Y132H, G129A with G464S, and R467K with G464S and Y132H. Site-directed mutagenesis of a wild-type CYP51A1 gene was performed to estimate the effect of each of these mutations on resistance to azole derivatives. Each single mutation, with the exception of G129A, had a measurable effect on the affinity of the target enzyme for specific azole derivatives. We speculate that these specific mutations could combine with the effect of multidrug efflux transporters in the clinical isolates and contribute to different patterns and stepwise increases in resistance to azole derivatives.
Keywords
Amino Acid Sequence Antifungal Agents/*pharmacology Azoles/pharmacology Candida albicans/*drug effects/*enzymology Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/chemistry/*genetics Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics Fluconazole/*pharmacology Fungal Proteins/chemistry/*genetics Humans Microbial Sensitivity Tests Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Oxidoreductases/chemistry/*genetics Protein Structure, Secondary
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 14:40
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:04
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