Paediatric onset lymphomatoid papulosis: results of a multicentre retrospective cohort study, on behalf of the EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Tumours Group (CLTG).


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Article: article from journal or magazin.
Paediatric onset lymphomatoid papulosis: results of a multicentre retrospective cohort study, on behalf of the EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Tumours Group (CLTG).
The British journal of dermatology
Blanchard M., Morren M.A., Busschots A.M., Hauben E., Alberti-Violetti S., Berti E., Avallone G., Tavoletti G., Panzone M., Quaglino P., Colonna C., Melchers R.C., Vermeer M.H., Gniadecki R., Mitteldorf C., Gosmann J., Stadler R., Jonak C., Oren-Shabtai M., Hodak E., Friedland R., Gordon E., Geskin L.J., Scarisbrick J.J., Mayo Martínez F., Noguera Morel L., Pehr K., Amarov B., Faouzi M., Nicolay J.P., Kempf W., Blanchard G., Guenova E.
1365-2133 (Electronic)
Publication state
In Press
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Lymphomatoid Papulosis (LyP) is a rare cutaneous T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder. Comprehensive data on LyP in the paediatric population is scarce.
To characterize epidemiological, clinical, histopathological, and prognostic features of paediatric LyP.
This was a retrospective, multicentre international cohort study including 87 cases of children and adolescents with LyP diagnosed between 1998 and 2022. Patients aged ≤ 18 years old at disease onset were included. Diagnosis was made in each centre based on clinical-pathological correlation.
Eighty-seven patients from 12 centres were included. The mean age at onset was 7.0 years (range 3 months-18 years) with a male to female ratio of 2:1. The mean time between onset of first cutaneous lesions and diagnosis was 1.3 years (range 0-14 years). Initial misdiagnosis concerned 26.4% of patients. Initially, LyP was most often misdiagnosed as Pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), insect bites, or mollusca contagiosa. Erythematous papules or papulonodules were the most frequent clinical presentation. Pruritus was specifically mentioned for 20.7% of patients. The main histological subtype was type A in 55.1% of the cases. If analysed, monoclonal TCR rearrangement was found in 76.5% of the skin biopsies. The overall survival rate was 100% with follow up at 5 years available for 33 patients and at 15 years for 8 patients. A development of associated haematological malignancy (HM) occurred in 9.6% of the cases (7/73), including four mycosis fungoides (MF) cases, one primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (pc-ALCL), one systemic ALCL and one case of acute myeloid leukaemia. If we compare incidence rates of cancer with the world 0-19 years old population from 2001-2010, we estimate a significantly higher risk of associated malignancy in general, occurring before the age of 19 years old with incidence rate ratio of 87.49 (CI 86.01-88.99).
We report epidemiological data from a large international cohort of children and adolescents with LyP. Overall the prognosis of the disease is good, with excellent survival rates for all patients. Due to increased risk of associated HM, a long-term follow-up should be recommended for LyP patients.
Open Access
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12/04/2024 10:56
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13/04/2024 7:06
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