Malignant glioma after ependymoma: an unusual secondary malignancy


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A Master's thesis.
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Master (thesis) (master)
Malignant glioma after ependymoma: an unusual secondary malignancy
Tinguely D.
Beck Popovic M.
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Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
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Purpose : Secondary malignancies (SM) are a known long-­‐term problem in children surviving brain tumors. We report on two unusual cases of SM observed after treatment of ependymoma. Case reports : 1. The first case is a female survivor of a low-­‐grade ependymoma (Grade II). She had been treated at the age of 3 months with surgery and chemotherapy. A relapse of the primary tumor happened two years later, which was completely removed and treated with local radiotherapy to the posterior fossa. Fifteen years after the first cancer, she developed a pontine glioma near the location of the previous radiotherapy. 2. The second case is a femal survivor of an ependymoma (Grade III) which was removed and irradiated when she was 4 years old. The child developed a pontine glioma near the location of the previous radiotherapy ten years after the diagnosis of the first cancer. Further extension of the disease showed after biopsy PNET-­‐ like features. Both patients passed away.
Discussion and Conclusion : Second malignant neoplasia is a rare phenomenon and this risk should not overshadow the great success in treating cancer of childhood. Among the studied risk factors, young age and radiotherapy are well established. The reported patients were followed annually to ensure their remission and both developed symptoms and an unusual unreported secondary cancer a few months after the annual monitoring that was considered as normal. This issue highlights the complexity of monitoring cancer survivors and raises the question of the best way for their long-­‐term follow-­‐up.
second cancer, ependymoma, CNS tumor
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12/09/2013 8:38
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20/08/2019 14:58
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