Local and global microarchitecture is associated with different features of bone biomechanics.

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License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_4A5B834F3DB1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Local and global microarchitecture is associated with different features of bone biomechanics.
Journal
Bone reports
Author(s)
Roux J.P., Boutroy S., Bouxsein M.L., Chapurlat R., Wegrzyn J.
ISSN
2352-1872 (Print)
ISSN-L
2352-1872
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
13
Pages
100716
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Beside areal bone mineral density (aBMD), evaluation of fragility fracture risk mostly relies on global microarchitecture. However, microarchitecture is not a uniform network. Therefore, this study aimed to compare local structural weakness to global microarchitecture on whole vertebral bodies and to evaluate how local and global microarchitecture was associated with bone biomechanics.
From 21 human L3 vertebrae, aBMD was measured using absorptiometry. Parameters of global microarchitecture were measured using HR-pQCT: trabecular bone volume fraction (Tb.BV/TV <sub>global</sub> ), trabecular number, structure model index and connectivity density (Conn.D). Local minimal values of aBMD and Tb.BV/TV were identified in the total (Tt) or trabecular (Tb) area of each vertebral body. "Two dimensional (2D) local structural weakness" was defined as Tt.BMD <sub>min</sub> , Tt.BV/TV <sub>min</sub> and Tb.BV/TV <sub>min</sub> . Mechanical testing was performed in 3 phases: 1/ initial compression until mild vertebral fracture, 2/ unloaded relaxation, and 3/ second compression until failure.
Initial and post-fracture mechanics were significantly correlated with bone mass, global and local microarchitecture. Tt.BMD <sub>min</sub> , Tt.BV/TV <sub>min</sub> , Tb.BV/TV <sub>min</sub> , and initial and post-fracture mechanics remained significantly correlated after adjustment for aBMD or Tb.BV/TV <sub>global</sub> (p < 0.001 to 0.038). The combination of the most relevant parameter of bone mass, global and local microarchitecture associated with failure load and stiffness demonstrated that global microarchitecture explained initial and post-fracture stiffness, while local structural weakness explained initial and post-fracture failure load (p < 0.001).
Local and global microarchitecture was associated with different features of vertebral bone biomechanics, with global microarchitecture controlling stiffness and 2D local structural weakness controlling strength. Therefore, determining both localized low density and impaired global microarchitecture could have major impact on vertebral fracture risk prediction.
Keywords
Bone biomechanics, Bone microarchitecture, Fracture, Local structural weakness, Micro-CT, Osteoporosis
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
02/10/2020 12:15
Last modification date
15/01/2021 7:09
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