A test of the pathway model of problematic smartphone use.

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Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_496AF23B60E3
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A test of the pathway model of problematic smartphone use.
Journal
Journal of behavioral addictions
Author(s)
Canale Natale, Moretta Tania, Pancani Luca, Buodo Giulia, Vieno Alessio, Dalmaso Mario, Billieux Joël
ISSN
2063-5303 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2062-5871
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Problematic smartphone use (PSU) has been described as a growing public health issue. In the current study, we aimed to provide a unique and comprehensive test of the pathway model of PSU. This model posits three distinct developmental pathways leading to PSU: (1) the excessive reassurance pathway, (2) the impulsive pathway and (3) the extraversion pathway.
Undergraduate students (n = 795, 69.8% female, mean age = 23.80 years, sd = 3.02) completed online self-report measures of PSU (addictive use, antisocial use and dangerous use) and the psychological features (personality traits and psychopathological symptoms) underlying the three pathways.
Bayesian analyses revealed that addictive use is mainly driven by the excessive reassurance pathway and the impulsive pathway, for which candidate etiopathological factors include heightened negative urgency, a hyperactive behavioural inhibition system and symptoms of social anxiety. Dangerous and antisocial use are mainly driven by the impulsive pathway and the extraversion pathway, for which candidate etiopathological factors include specific impulsivity components (lack of premeditation and sensation seeking) and primary psychopathy (inclination to lie, lack of remorse, callousness and manipulativeness).
The present study constitutes the first comprehensive test of the pathway model of PSU. We provide robust and original results regarding the psychological dimensions associated with each of the postulated pathways of PSU, which should be taken into account when considering regulation of smartphone use or tailoring prevention protocols to reduce problematic usage patterns.
Keywords
Bayesian analytical approach, pathway model, personality traits, problematic smartphone use, psychopathological symptoms, undergraduate students
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
03/02/2021 12:42
Last modification date
04/02/2021 8:08
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