Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in children from Seychelles, a country in rapid transition: the importance of early growth.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_484883B56681
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in children from Seychelles, a country in rapid transition: the importance of early growth.
Journal
International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders
Author(s)
Stettler N., Bovet P., Shamlaye H., Zemel B.S., Stallings V.A., Paccaud F.
ISSN
0307-0565
ISSN-L
0307-0565
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2002
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Number
2
Pages
214-219
Language
english
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of overweight and obesity and related risk factors in children from Seychelles (Indian Ocean), a country in rapid economic and epidemiological transition. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with retrospective access to early life data. SUBJECTS: All children from all schools of Seychelles, in four selected school grades (kindergarten, fourth, seventh and tenth year of obligatory school) in 1999. A total of 5514 children aged 4.5-17.4 y were measured, corresponding to 83.5% of the eligible population. MEASUREMENTS: Overweight and obesity, using age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) cut-off points as defined by the International Obesity Task Force. RESULTS: Some 12.6% (95% confidence interval: 11.8-13.5%) of the children were overweight and 3.8% (3.3-4.4%) were obese. Weight gain (kg) during the first year of life was strongly associated with subsequent overweight (odds ratio 1.46, 95% confidence interval 1.27-1.67) and obesity (1.59, 1.29-1.97) in childhood, independently of birth weight. Increased maternal BMI (kg/m(2)) was also associated with overweight (1.07, 1.03-1.10) and obesity (1.09, 1.04-1.14) in the offspring. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of overweight and obesity among school children in Seychelles was as high as or higher than in some industrialized countries. If confirmed in other environments, the strong association between weight gain during the first year of life and subsequent obesity in childhood could affect the way optimal infant weight gain is defined in countries where public health priorities are changing.
Keywords
Adolescent, Body Mass Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Health Transition, Humans, Male, Obesity/epidemiology, Obesity/etiology, Prevalence, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Seychelles/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
14/03/2008 10:21
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:55
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