Physiological stress measures in preschool children and their relationship with body composition and behavioral problems.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_482BA73A5932
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Physiological stress measures in preschool children and their relationship with body composition and behavioral problems.
Journal
Developmental psychobiology
Author(s)
Messerli-Bürgy N., Arhab A., Stülb K., Kakebeeke T.H., Zysset A.E., Leeger-Aschmann C.S., Schmutz E.A., Ehlert U., Kriemler S., Jenni O.G., Munsch S., Puder J.J.
ISSN
1098-2302 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0012-1630
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
60
Number
8
Pages
1009-1022
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The relationship between physiological stress measures and body composition or behavioral problems in older children remains controversial, and data in young children are lacking. The aim of the study was to investigate this relationship in predominantly healthy preschool children.
Physiological stress measures were assessed using diurnal salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and salivary cortisol, nail cortisol and parasympathetic activation (PNS) by overnight heart rate variability, and body composition (body mass index, skinfold thickness) and behavior problems (using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) in 324 children aged 2-6 years of the SPLASHY study.
Parasympathetic nervous system was inversely related to body fat, to emotional, and to peer problems. Diurnal sAA was related to hyperactivity problems and moderated the relationship of cortisol and hyperactivity problems. Cortisol was not related to any other health problems.
The relationship of PNS with body composition and behavioral problems might highlight the protective role of the parasympathetic system early in life.
Keywords
Autonomic Nervous System/metabolism, Autonomic Nervous System/physiology, Body Composition/physiology, Child, Child Behavior/physiology, Child, Preschool, Female, Heart Rate/physiology, Humans, Hydrocortisone/metabolism, Male, Nails/metabolism, Parasympathetic Nervous System/physiology, Problem Behavior, Saliva/metabolism, Salivary alpha-Amylases/metabolism, Social Behavior, Stress, Physiological/physiology, SPLASHY, behavioral problems, body composition, child, physiological stress
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
16/10/2018 11:40
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:54
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