Self-reported screening practices of family physicians participating in the colorectal cancer screening program of the canton of Vaud: a cross-sectional study.

Details

Ressource 1Request a copy Sous embargo indéterminé.
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_4826EBFE1F23
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Self-reported screening practices of family physicians participating in the colorectal cancer screening program of the canton of Vaud: a cross-sectional study.
Journal
BMC family practice
Author(s)
Poroes C., Cornuz J., Gouveia A., Ducros C., Selby K.
ISSN
1471-2296 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2296
Publication state
Published
Issued date
10/06/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Number
1
Pages
103
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
The organized colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland offers citizens the choice of the faecal immunochemical test (FIT) or colonoscopy via a visit with a family physician (FP). Given the central role of FPs in the program, this study aimed to compare their self-reported preventive practices with the objectives of the program, namely to inform patients about CRC screening and present the choice of colonoscopy and FIT, and to identify factors associated with presenting a choice of tests.
Mixed-methods study using an online survey and semi-structured interviews. Participants were FPs from the canton of Vaud who had included ≥1 patient in the screening program. We used multivariate logistic regression to compare FPs offering only colonoscopy to those who offered a choice of tests or FIT.
The participation rate was 40% (177 respondents / 443 eligible). Most FPs (68%) reported informing more than 75% of eligible patients about the program. Lack of time (n = 86, 33%) was the principal reason cited for not informing patients. Regarding the screening methods, 20% (n = 36) of FPs prescribed only colonoscopy, 13% (n = 23) only FIT and 65% (n = 115) both screening methods. Predictors of offering only colonoscopy rather than a choice of screening tests included: first, FP reporting that they chose/would choose colonoscopy for themselves (OR 8.54 [95% CI 1.83-39.79, P < 0.01]); second, being > 20 years in practice (OR 4.8 [95% CI 1.3-0.17.66, P = 0.02]); and third, seeing 300 or more patients per month (OR 3.05 [95% CI 1.23-7.57, P = 0.02]). When asked what could improve the program, 17% (n = 31) wrote that patients should be informed in advance about the program by postal mail and a large-scale communication campaign.
The majority of FPs reported CRC screening practices consistent with the objectives of the program. However, to ensure that patients are well informed and to save time, all patients need to be systematically informed about the program. Further, FPs should be encouraged to offer a choice of tests.
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel, Choice Behavior, Colonoscopy/methods, Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis, Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diagnostic Screening Programs/standards, Early Detection of Cancer/methods, Early Detection of Cancer/psychology, Female, Humans, Male, Needs Assessment, Occult Blood, Physicians, Family/psychology, Physicians, Family/statistics & numerical data, Practice Patterns, Physicians'/statistics & numerical data, Procedures and Techniques Utilization/statistics & numerical data, Social Perception, Switzerland/epidemiology, Colonoscopy, Colorectal cancer, Family physician, Fit, Screening methods, Screening program
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/06/2020 12:53
Last modification date
11/08/2021 5:38
Usage data