Increased blood glucose variability during therapeutic hypothermia and neurological recovery after cardiac arrest

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_4634E10D7DBA
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Increased blood glucose variability during therapeutic hypothermia and neurological recovery after cardiac arrest
Title of the conference
23rd Annual Meeting of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine
Author(s)
Villoz N., Delodder F., Feihl F., Urbano L.A., Rossetti A.O., Oddo M.
Address
Barcelona, Spain, October 9-13, 2010
ISBN
0342-4642
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
36
Series
Intensive Care Medicine
Pages
S203
Language
english
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Abstract
INTRODUCTION. Recent studies suggest that increased blood glucose variability (BGV) is associated with ICU mortality1. Hypothermia is known to induce insulin resistance, thus potentially increasing BGV. No studies however have examined the effect of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on insulin requirements and BGV.
OBJECTIVES. To examine the effect of TH on BGV and its relationship to outcome in patients with coma after cardiac arrest (CA).
METHODS. We prospectively studied 132 consecutive comatose CA patients treated with TH (target core temp 33_C for 24 h, using surface cooling). All patients were treated with intravenous insulin (blood glucose target 6-8 mM), according to a written algorithm, with nurse-driven adjustment of insulin dose. For each patient, standard deviation of repeated blood glucose samples was used to calculate BGV. Two time-points, comparable in duration, were studied: TH (stable maintenance phase, i.e. 6-24 h, core temp ± 33_C) vs. Normothermia (NT, i.e. after rewarming, stable normothermic phase, core temp ± 37_C). Mortality and neurological recovery (Glasgow-Pittsburgh Cerebral Performance Categories, CPC, dichotomized as good = CPC 1-2 vs. poor = CPC 3-5) were assessed at hospital discharge. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA for repeated measures.
RESULTS. Compared to NT, TH was associated with increased intravenous insulin dose (0.8 ± 1.1 vs. 1.6 ± 2 U/h, P\0.0001), higher mean (6.9 ± 1.3 vs. 7.7 ± 1.8 mM, P\0.0001) and maximum (9.1 ± 3.7 vs. 10.9 ± 3.6 mM, P\0.0001) blood glucose, and increased BGV (1.3 ± 1.2 vs. 1.7 ± 1.1 mM, P = 0.004). Increased BGV was strongly associated with mortality (2.5 ± 1.5 mM in non-survivors vs. 1.6 ± 1 mM in survivors, P\0.001) and worse outcome (2.3 ± 1.4 mM in patients with poor vs. 1.5 ± 0.8 mM in those with good neurological recovery, P\0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS. Therapeutic hypothermia is associated with increased insulin requirements and higher blood glucose variability,which in turn correlateswithworse prognosis in patientswith post- CA coma. Strategies aimed to maintain stable glycemic profile and avoid blood glucose variability might contribute to optimize the management of TH and may translate into better outcome.
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Create date
11/11/2010 15:03
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:51
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