Frailty and Associated Factors among Centenarians in the 5-COOP Countries.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_46209A76EC88
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Frailty and Associated Factors among Centenarians in the 5-COOP Countries.
Journal
Gerontology
Author(s)
Herr M., Jeune B., Fors S., Andersen-Ranberg K., Ankri J., Arai Y., Cubaynes S., Santos-Eggimann B., Zekry D., Parker M., Saito Y., Herrmann F., Robine J.M.
Working group(s)
5-COOP group
ISSN
1423-0003 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0304-324X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
64
Number
6
Pages
521-531
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Multicenter Study ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The global number of centenarians is still strongly growing and information about the health and healthcare needs of this segment of the population is needed. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of frailty among centenarians included in a multinational study and to investigate associated factors.
The 5-COOP study is a cross-sectional survey including 1,253 centenarians in 5 countries (Japan, France, Switzerland, Denmark, and Sweden). Data were collected using a standardized questionnaire during a face-to-face interview (73.3%), telephone interview (14.5%), or by postal questionnaire (12.2%). The 5 dimensions of the frailty phenotype (weight loss, fatigue, weakness, slow walking speed, and low level of physical activity) were assessed by using self-reported data. Factors associated with frailty criteria were investigated by using multivariate regression models.
Almost 95% of the participants had at least 1 frailty criterion. The overall prevalence of frailty (3 criteria or more) was 64.7% (from 51.5% in Sweden to 77.6% in Switzerland), and 32.2% of the participants had 4 or 5 criteria. The most frequent criteria were weakness (84.2%), slow walking speed (77.6%), and low level of physical activity (72.5%), followed by fatigue (43.8%) and weight loss (23.8%). Factors associated with frailty included data collection modes, country of residence, gender, living in institution, depression, dementia, disability, falls, and sensory impairments.
This study shows that reaching 100 years of age rarely goes without frailty and sheds light on factors associated with frailty at a very old age.
Keywords
Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data, Activities of Daily Living, Aged, 80 and over, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depression/diagnosis, Depression/epidemiology, Fatigue/diagnosis, Fatigue/epidemiology, Female, Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data, Frailty/diagnosis, Frailty/etiology, Frailty/physiopathology, Frailty/psychology, Geriatric Assessment/methods, Geriatric Assessment/statistics & numerical data, Humans, International Cooperation, Mobility Limitation, Pregnancy, Prevalence, Qualitative Research, Frail elderly, Functional decline, International comparison, Longevity, Oldest old
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
31/07/2018 11:27
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:51
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