The effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A activities on the pharmacokinetics of immediate release oxycodone.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_455E2ECC59E1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A activities on the pharmacokinetics of immediate release oxycodone.
Journal
British Journal of Pharmacology
Author(s)
Samer C.F., Daali Y., Wagner M., Hopfgartner G., Eap C.B., Rebsamen M.C., Rossier M.F., Hochstrasser D., Dayer P., Desmeules J.A.
ISSN
1476-5381[electronic], 0007-1188[linking]
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
160
Number
4
Pages
907-918
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is high interindividual variability in the activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes catalysing the oxidation of oxycodone [cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 and 3A], due to genetic polymorphisms and/or drug-drug interactions. The effects of CYP2D6 and/or CYP3A activity modulation on the pharmacokinetics of oxycodone remains poorly explored. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A randomized crossover double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed with 10 healthy volunteers genotyped for CYP2D6 [six extensive (EM), two deficient (PM/IM) and two ultrarapid metabolizers (UM)]. The volunteers randomly received on five different occasions: oxycodone 0.2 mg x kg(-1) and placebo; oxycodone and quinidine (CYP2D6 inhibitor); oxycodone and ketoconazole (CYP3A inhibitor); oxycodone and quinidine+ketoconazole; placebo. Blood samples for plasma concentrations of oxycodone and metabolites (oxymorphone, noroxycodone and noroxymorphone) were collected for 24 h after dosing. Phenotyping for CYP2D6 (with dextromethorphan) and CYP3A (with midazolam) were assessed at each session. KEY RESULTS: CYP2D6 activity was correlated with oxymorphone and noroxymorphone AUCs and C(max) (-0.71 < Spearman correlation coefficient rhos < -0.92). Oxymorphone C(max) was 62% and 75% lower in PM than EM and UM. Noroxymorphone C(max) reduction was even more pronounced (90%). In UM, oxymorphone and noroxymorphone concentrations increased whereas noroxycodone exposure was halved. Blocking CYP2D6 (with quinidine) reduced oxymorphone and noroxymorphone C(max) by 40% and 80%, and increased noroxycodone AUC(infinity) by 70%. Blocking CYP3A4 (with ketoconazole) tripled oxymorphone AUC(infinity) and reduced noroxycodone and noroxymorphone AUCs by 80%. Shunting to CYP2D6 pathway was observed after CYP3A4 inhibition. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Drug-drug interactions via CYP2D6 and CYP3A affected oxycodone pharmacokinetics and its magnitude depended on CYP2D6 genotype.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
23/08/2010 14:52
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:50
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