Computationally Derived Cribriform Area Index from Prostate Cancer Hematoxylin and Eosin Images Is Associated with Biochemical Recurrence Following Radical Prostatectomy and Is Most Prognostic in Gleason Grade Group 2.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_43BE99D108F7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Computationally Derived Cribriform Area Index from Prostate Cancer Hematoxylin and Eosin Images Is Associated with Biochemical Recurrence Following Radical Prostatectomy and Is Most Prognostic in Gleason Grade Group 2.
Journal
European urology focus
Author(s)
Leo P., Chandramouli S., Farré X., Elliott R., Janowczyk A., Bera K., Fu P., Janaki N., El-Fahmawi A., Shahait M., Kim J., Lee D., Yamoah K., Rebbeck T.R., Khani F., Robinson B.D., Shih NNC, Feldman M., Gupta S., McKenney J., Lal P., Madabhushi A.
ISSN
2405-4569 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2405-4569
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Number
4
Pages
722-732
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The presence of invasive cribriform adenocarcinoma (ICC), an expanse of cells containing punched-out lumina uninterrupted by stroma, in radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens has been associated with biochemical recurrence (BCR). However, ICC identification has only moderate inter-reviewer agreement.
To investigate quantitative machine-based assessment of the extent and prognostic utility of ICC, especially within individual Gleason grade groups.
A machine learning approach was developed for ICC segmentation using 70 RP patients and validated in a cohort of 749 patients from four sites whose median year of surgery was 2007 and with median follow-up of 28 mo. ICC was segmented on one representative hematoxylin and eosin RP slide per patient and the fraction of tumor area composed of ICC, the cribriform area index (CAI), was measured.
The association between CAI and BCR was measured in terms of the concordance index (c index) and hazard ratio (HR).
CAI was correlated with BCR (c index 0.62) in the validation set of 411 patients with ICC morphology, especially those with Gleason grade group 2 cancer (n = 192; c index 0.66), and was less prognostic when patients without ICC were included (c index 0.54). A doubling of CAI in the group with ICC morphology was prognostic after controlling for Gleason grade, surgical margin positivity, preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, pathological T stage, and age (HR 1.19, 95% confidence interval 1.03-1.38; p = 0.018).
Automated image analysis and machine learning could provide an objective, quantitative, reproducible, and high-throughput method of quantifying ICC area. The performance of CAI for grade group 2 cancer suggests that for patients with little Gleason 4 pattern, the ICC fraction has a strong prognostic role.
Machine-based measurement of a specific cell pattern (cribriform; sieve-like, with lots of spaces) in images of prostate specimens could improve risk stratification for patients with prostate cancer. In the future, this could help in expanding the criteria for active surveillance.
Keywords
Biochemical recurrence, Cribriform, Digital pathology, Gleason grading, Machine learning, Prostate cancer
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/09/2021 18:02
Last modification date
12/10/2021 14:55
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