In kittiwakes food availability partially explains the seasonal decline in immunocompetence

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_4161FC6A3465
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
In kittiwakes food availability partially explains the seasonal decline in immunocompetence
Journal
Functional Ecology
Author(s)
Gasparini J., Roulin A., Gill V. A., Hatch S., Boulinier T.
ISSN
0269-8463
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
20
Number
3
Pages
457-463
Language
english
Abstract
1. The immune system plays an important role in fitness, and interindividual variation in immunocompetence is due to several factors including food supply.
2. Seasonal variation in food resources may therefore explain why immunocompetence in bird nestlings usually declines throughout the breeding season, with chicks born early in the season receiving more food than chicks born later, and thereby possibly developing a more potent immune system. Although there are studies supporting this hypothesis, none has been experimental.
3. We performed an experiment in the kittiwake Rissa tridactyla by manipulating the food supply of pairs that were left to produce a first brood, and of pairs that were induced to produce a late replacement brood.
4. If food supply mediates, at least partially, seasonal variations in chick immunocompetence, non-food-supplemented chicks would show a stronger seasonal decline in immunocompetence than food-supplemented chicks.
5. Food supplementation improved humoral immunocompetence (the production of immunoglobulins Y), but not T-cell immunocompetence (phytohaemagglutinin, PHA response). T-cell immunocompetence of food-supplemented and non-food-supplemented chicks decreased through the season but to a similar extent, whereas the humoral immunocompetence of non-food-supplemented chicks decreased more strongly than that of food-supplemented chicks.
6. Our results suggest that the seasonal decline in humoral immunocompetence can be explained, at least partly, by variations in food supply throughout the breeding season.
Keywords
food availability, hatching date, immune system, Rissa tridactyla, seasonal variation
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
24/01/2008 18:43
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:41
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