Multiple trajectories of alcohol use and the development of alcohol use disorder: Do Swiss men mature-out of problematic alcohol use during emerging adulthood?

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State: Public
Version: author
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_405586E919C1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Multiple trajectories of alcohol use and the development of alcohol use disorder: Do Swiss men mature-out of problematic alcohol use during emerging adulthood?
Journal
PloS one
Author(s)
Lemoine M., Gmel G., Foster S., Marmet S., Studer J.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Editor
Didden Robert
Volume
15
Number
1
Pages
e0220232
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
This study aimed to identify trajectories of alcohol use (AU) and their associations with the development of alcohol use disorder (AUD) among young men with different weekly drinking patterns.
A longitudinal latent class analysis integrating several aspects of AU, such as drinking quantity and frequency on weekends vs workweek days, involving 4719 young Swiss men at ages 20, 21, and 25, and collected by the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors, was used to identify different AU trajectories over time. The development of AUD scores in these trajectories was investigated using generalized linear mixed models.
Six AU trajectory classes, similar to those described in the literature, were identified: 'abstainers-light drinkers', 'light workweek increasers', 'light decreasers', 'moderate weekend decreasers', 'moderate workweek increasers', and 'heavy drinkers'. Only 12% of participants were assigned to a trajectory class with decreasing AU associated with a decline in their AUD score. AUD scores increased in trajectory classes exhibiting increasing AU on workweek days, despite low and moderate general AU. Finally, more than 59% of participants were on an AU trajectory presenting no change in their mean AUD score over time.
Maturing out of problematic AU in emerging adulthood is not the norm in Switzerland, and the AUD score developed in late adolescence remains until at least emerging adulthood. AU on workweek days is a more practical marker of potentially problematic AU. This calls for timely interventions in adolescence and concerning regular drinking on workweek days in emerging adulthood.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology, Alcohol Drinking/physiopathology, Alcoholic Intoxication/epidemiology, Alcoholic Intoxication/physiopathology, Alcoholism/epidemiology, Alcoholism/physiopathology, Ethnic Groups, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland/epidemiology, Young Adult
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation
Create date
31/01/2020 10:15
Last modification date
15/01/2021 7:24
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