An analytical approximation of urban heat and dry islands and their impact on convection triggering

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Ressource 1Download: Clinton 2022.pdf (4972.10 [Ko])
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Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3FC9E5AEDB38
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
An analytical approximation of urban heat and dry islands and their impact on convection triggering
Journal
Urban Climate
Author(s)
Chiu Clinton T.F., Wang Kai, Paschalis Athanasios, Erfani Tohid, Peleg Nadav, Fatichi Simone, Theeuwes Natalie, Manoli Gabriele
ISSN
2212-0955
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
46
Pages
101346
Language
english
Abstract
It is well known that cities increase air and surface temperatures compared to their rural surroundings, the so-called urban heat island (UHI) effect. However, the associated changes in atmospheric humidity (also known as urban dry island, UDI) and convection triggering remain largely unexplored and it is still unclear how urban modifications of the surface energy budget influence the diurnal evolution of temperature and humidity in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer (ABL) and ultimately control the initiation of convective clouds.
Here we quantify the impact of different urban settings and free atmospheric conditions on UHI, UDI, and convection triggers by means of a zero-order model of the ABL. Specifically, we derive an approximate solution for urban-rural changes in surface energy fluxes and ABL potential temperature and humidity and we investigate the crossing between the ABL height and the lifting condensation level (LCL) which is a proxy for the triggering of convective clouds. We show that urban areas are generally warmer and drier, thus causing an increase in both ABL and LCL heights. However, the response of the ABL-LCL crossing to surface conditions is non-linear and there exists a range of free atmosphere conditions for which changes in imperviousness can impact convective clouds.
Keywords
Urban Heat Island, Urban Dry Island, Boundary layer, Convective clouds, Analytical model
Open Access
Yes
Create date
18/11/2022 8:52
Last modification date
24/12/2022 6:44
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