Is ecology anti-urban? Urban ideas and imaginaries across one hundred years of ecological publications

Details

Ressource 1Download: FlaminioSalomonMoretti2022.pdf (2120.25 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3FA1A942635E
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Is ecology anti-urban? Urban ideas and imaginaries across one hundred years of ecological publications
Journal
Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space
Author(s)
Flaminio Silvia, Salomon Cavin Joëlle, Moretti Marco
ISSN
2514-8486
2514-8494
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/08/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1-29
Language
english
Abstract
This paper investigates urban imaginaries conveyed in publications in ecology over the past century. We examine some urban ecologists’ view that urban areas have been disregarded by ecology due to negative views on cities and urbanisation. Inspired by previous work on imaginaries in social and cultural geography and political ecology, and by textual data analysis methods, we adopted a methodological framework that applies both quantitative and qualitative methods in the analysis of a corpus of 960 articles (published 1922–2018) drawn from 10 long-standing international journals in ecology. Our hypothesis is that ecology has embraced an anti-urban imaginary that is manifested in urban invisibility as well as the recurrent expression of negative ideas about cities (constituting an ‘anti-urban bias’). Our results partially confirm this hypothesis. We show that until the 1970s only a few papers were published on cities. We identify nine main themes relating to cities around which ideas about cities have been constructed (threats, pests, refuges, fragmentation, gradients, pollution, homogenisation, planetary urbanisation, and planning) and show how these ideas have been mobilised in the articles since the 1920s. We discuss the way in which these evolving ideas reflect a move from an essentially anti-urban imaginary to a more complex and ambivalent one. This shift coincides with the rise of the idea of planetary urbanisation in ecological publications, increasing recommendations regarding urban planning, and more generally, growing conceptual debates on the ecological impact of cities.
Keywords
Urban ecology, scientific publications, textual data analysis, anti-urban imaginary
Open Access
Yes
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / 179082
Create date
17/03/2022 17:01
Last modification date
05/08/2022 6:37
Usage data