Post mortem tryptase cut-off level for anaphylactic death.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3F98413E6975
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Post mortem tryptase cut-off level for anaphylactic death.
Journal
Forensic science international
Author(s)
Tse R., Wong C.X., Kesha K., Garland J., Tran Y., Anne S., Elstub H., Cala A.D., Palmiere C., Patchett K.L.
ISSN
1872-6283 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0379-0738
Publication state
Published
Issued date
03/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
284
Pages
5-8
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Serum mast cell tryptase is used to support the diagnosis of anaphylaxis. The recommended clinical cut-off for total tryptase (<11.4μg/L) appears unsuitable in the post mortem setting due to largely unknown processes which result in significantly elevated levels in these samples. Consequently there is no widely accepted tryptase cut-off level for diagnosing an anaphylactic death. This 5-year retrospective study compared total tryptase levels in post mortem femoral blood in anaphylactic deaths and control. Univariate and multivariate analysis was used to assess the relative contribution of other factors (age, gender, post mortem interval, and presence of resuscitation) on post mortem tryptase levels. Nine anaphylactic deaths and 45 controls were identified. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis identified an optimal cut-off of 53.8μg/L, with sensitivity of 89%, and specificity of 93%, for total post mortem tryptase in femoral blood to diagnosis anaphylaxis. No other factors showed any statistical significant contribution to post mortem tryptase elevation. Femoral total post mortem tryptase level of 53.8μg/L and above is a useful ancillary test in diagnosing an anaphylactic death.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Anaphylaxis/diagnosis, Case-Control Studies, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Postmortem Changes, Retrospective Studies, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tryptases/blood, Young Adult, Anaphylaxis, Mast cell tryptase, Post mortem
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
27/01/2018 10:34
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:36
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