Antibiotic consumption in nursing homes of the Canton of Vaud: trends over the years 2009 - 2014


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Antibiotic consumption in nursing homes of the Canton of Vaud: trends over the years 2009 - 2014
Title of the conference
GSASA-Kongress, Gesellschaft Schweizerischer Amt- und Spitalapotheker = Congrès annuel de la GSASA, Société suisse des pharmaciens de l'administration et des hôpitaux
Plüss-Suard C., Niquille A., Héquet D., Pichon R., Widmer N., Zanetti G., Bugnon O., Pétignat C.
Zürich, Switzerland, November 26-27, 2015
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Background & Objectives: Excessive use of antibiotics in nursing homes was reported in several studies1-3. Surveillance of their use in nursing homes is essential to plan interventions fostering an appropriate use and to measure the impact of these interventions. The aims of the study were to describe the antibiotic consumption in nursing homes of the Canton of Vaud and to examine whether the antibiotic consumption was correlated to the urinary catheter use and to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization.
Methods: Data on the use of systemic antibiotics (class J01 of WHO Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) system, 2015) were collected from the community pharmacies' annual invoice data including 13 nursing homes in 2009. The number of nursing homes in the database increased to 67 in 2014, representing 46% of all nursing homes of the Canton of Vaud and 54% of the available beds. Aggregated data were converted into defined daily doses (DDD) and antibiotic consumption expressed in number of defined daily doses per 1000 beds and per day (DDD/1000B/D). Proportion of urinary catheter use and MRSA colonization data were provided through a point prevalence study.
Results: The total consumption of systemic antibiotics was 52.2 DDD/1000B/D in 2009 and 48.3 in 2014. Beta-lactam antibacterials other than penicillins, macrolides and other antibacterials (including nitrofurantoin) consumption increased resp. by 80%, 45% and 187% between 2009 and 2014, while the use of sulfonamides and trimethoprim decreased by 41%. Penicillin and quinolone use remained relatively stable between 2009 and 2014. Amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (oral) was the most common antibiotic prescribed (31% of the total use), followed by ciprofloxacin (oral) (20%) and nitrofurantoin (10%). Among nursing homes, we reported a large variation in antibiotic consumption from 6.8 to 164.6 DDD/1000B/D in 2014. No correlation was found between global antibiotic consumption and urinary catheter use and between quinolone consumption and proportion of MRSA in 2010 and 2011 (p>0.05).
Discussion & Conclusions: This study is the first that analyzes longitudinal data of antibiotic consumption in nursing homes of the Canton of Vaud. The findings suggest that a large variation in antibiotic consumption exists among nursing homes. Thus, antibiotic stewardship programs should be implemented to promote a more accurate use.
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25/08/2016 11:40
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20/08/2019 14:36
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