Secular trends in blood pressure in children: A systematic review.

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3F17AB3536C8
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Secular trends in blood pressure in children: A systematic review.
Journal
Journal of clinical hypertension
Author(s)
Roulet C., Bovet P., Brauchli T., Simeoni U., Xi B., Santschi V., Paradis G., Chiolero A.
ISSN
1751-7176 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1524-6175
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
19
Number
5
Pages
488-497
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Blood pressure (BP) is expected to have increased over time in children in most countries due to the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity worldwide. The authors conducted a systematic review of studies assessing secular trends in BP in children and adolescents. Of 1739 citations screened, the authors identified 18 studies including 2 042 470 participants examined between 1963 and 2012. Thirteen studies were conducted in high-income countries, five in middle-income countries, and none in low-income countries. The prevalence of overweight or obesity increased in 17 studies and decreased in one study. BP decreased over time in 13 studies, increased in four, and did not change in one. These findings suggest that secular trends in BP do not mirror secular trends in overweight. This implies that other factors mitigate the effect of overweight on BP in children and adolescents.

Keywords
Adolescent, Blood Pressure/physiology, Blood Pressure Determination/instrumentation, Body Mass Index, Child, Child, Preschool, Female, Humans, Hypertension/physiopathology, Male, Meta-Analysis as Topic, Obesity/epidemiology, Observational Studies as Topic, Overweight/epidemiology, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Young Adult, adolescents, children, hypertension, secular trends
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
29/12/2016 14:10
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:36
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