Protective Factor Assessments: What Are We Measuring?—An Investigation of the Internal Validity of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk

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Version: Final published version
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_3ED0438E30F2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Protective Factor Assessments: What Are We Measuring?—An Investigation of the Internal Validity of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk
Journal
Criminal Justice and Behavior
Author(s)
Abbiati Milena, Golay Philippe, Gasser Jacques, Moulin Valerie
ISSN
0093-8548
ISSN-L
1552-3594
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
47
Number
4
Pages
383-398
Language
english
Abstract
The use of instruments measuring protective factors is on the rise in risk evaluation, management, and treatment planning. Although assessment tools must have good internal validity to be generalizable and reproducible, little is known about the internal validity of protective factor instruments. The present study evaluated the factor structure of the Structured Assessment of Protective Factors for Violence Risk (SAPROF) via confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses of forensic risk assessments of 143 individuals convicted of violent and sexual violent offenses in Switzerland. The SAPROF did not show any differences by type of offenses. Although our confirmatory factor analysis did not confirm the classic SAPROF scale's structure, the results of the exploratory analysis were in line with previous theoretical research as it revealed a four-factor model comprising Resilience, Reintegration, Treatability, and Living Conditions. These results have implications for the use of the SAPROF in forensic risk assessments and treatment management plans.
Keywords
Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Law, General Psychology
Web of science
Create date
07/01/2020 12:13
Last modification date
05/02/2021 7:25
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