The return of cities: the trajectory of Swiss cities from demographic loss to reurbanization

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3E3E62004F43
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The return of cities: the trajectory of Swiss cities from demographic loss to reurbanization
Journal
European Planning Studies
Author(s)
Rérat Patrick
ISSN
0965-4313
1469-5944
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
27
Number
2
Pages
355-376
Language
english
Abstract
Reurbanization refers to the new demographic growth of cities that previously lost population. How can we explain such a trend reversal? This paper discusses theoretically both phases of urban decline and reurbanization. It examines the trajectory of Swiss cities that have moved from a period of decline (1970–2000) to a new growth (since 2000). It analyses the components behind the population evolution, discusses the socio-cultural, economic and political trends triggering or enabling reurbanization, and identifies three main results. First, reurbanization is due to several population groups: the growing international mobility of the labour force, the increasing number of non-family households (in the context of the second demographic transition) and the growing attractiveness of cities for young adults (extension of youth as a life stage). Second, reurbanization is not only housing- led (construction of dwellings due to planning strategies and real estate activities). It is also population-led: A generation replacement induces a rejuvanation of the age structure and an increase in the density of occupancy of dwellings. Third, reurbanization can be broadly interpreted as a return of cities in terms of residential aspirations, political agenda and real estate activities. As a conclusion, I outline a research agenda on reurbanization.
Keywords
Geography, Planning and Development, cities, demographics, reurbanization, housing
Create date
07/12/2018 11:59
Last modification date
21/08/2019 6:14
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