Multinational case-control study of risk factors for the development of late invasive pulmonary aspergillosis following kidney transplantation.

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Version: Author's accepted manuscript
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3DD38C51841F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Multinational case-control study of risk factors for the development of late invasive pulmonary aspergillosis following kidney transplantation.
Journal
Clinical microbiology and infection
Author(s)
López-Medrano F., Fernández-Ruiz M., Silva J.T., Carver P.L., van Delden C., Merino E., Pérez-Saez M.J., Montero M., Coussement J., de Abreu Mazzolin M., Cervera C., Santos L., Sabé N., Scemla A., Cordero E., Cruzado-Vega L., Martín-Moreno P.L., Len Ó., Rudas E., Ponce de León A., Arriola M., Lauzurica R., David M.D., González-Rico C., Henríquez-Palop F., Fortún J., Nucci M., Manuel O., Paño-Pardo J.R., Montejo M., Vena A., Sánchez-Sobrino B., Mazuecos A., Pascual J., Horcajada J.P., Lecompte T., Moreno A., Carratalà J., Blanes M., Hernández D., Hernández-Méndez E.A., Fariñas M.C., Perelló-Carrascosa M., Muñoz P., Andrés A., Aguado J.M.
Working group(s)
Spanish Network for Research in Infectious Diseases (REIPI), Group for the Study of Infection in Transplant Recipients (GESITRA) of the Spanish Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (SEIMC), Study Group for Infections in Compromised Hosts (ESGICH) of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID), Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS)
ISSN
1469-0691 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1198-743X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
02/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
24
Number
2
Pages
192-198
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
To assess the risk factors for development of late-onset invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) after kidney transplantation (KT).
We performed a multinational case-control study that retrospectively recruited 112 KT recipients diagnosed with IPA between 2000 and 2013. Controls were matched (1:1 ratio) by centre and date of transplantation. Immunosuppression-related events (IREs) included the occurrence of non-ventilator-associated pneumonia, tuberculosis, cytomegalovirus disease, and/or de novo malignancy.
We identified 61 cases of late (>180 days after transplantation) IPA from 24 participating centres (accounting for 54.5% (61/112) of all cases included in the overall study). Most diagnoses (54.1% (33/61)) were established within the first 36 post-transplant months, although five cases occurred more than 10 years after transplantation. Overall mortality among cases was 47.5% (29/61). Compared with controls, cases were significantly older (p 0.010) and more likely to have pre-transplant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p 0.001) and a diagnosis of bloodstream infection (p 0.016) and IRE (p <0.001) within the 6 months prior to the onset of late IPA. After multivariate adjustment, previous occurrence of IRE (OR 19.26; 95% CI 2.07-179.46; p 0.009) was identified as an independent risk factor for late IPA.
More than half of IPA cases after KT occur beyond the sixth month, with some of them presenting very late. Late IPA entails a poor prognosis. We identified some risk factors that could help the clinician to delimit the subgroup of KT recipients at the highest risk for late IPA.

Keywords
case-control study, kidney transplantation, late invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, risk factors, Case-control study, Kidney transplantation, Late invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, Risk factors
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/07/2017 17:46
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:34
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