Birth and expression evolution of mammalian microRNA genes.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3D691B986F21
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Birth and expression evolution of mammalian microRNA genes.
Journal
Genome Research
Author(s)
Meunier J., Lemoine F., Soumillon M., Liechti A., Weier M., Guschanski K., Hu H., Khaitovich P., Kaessmann H.
ISSN
1549-5469 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1088-9051
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Volume
23
Number
1
Pages
34-45
Language
english
Abstract
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are major post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, yet their origins and functional evolution in mammals remain little understood due to the lack of appropriate comparative data. Using RNA sequencing, we have generated extensive and comparable miRNA data for five organs in six species that represent all main mammalian lineages and birds (the evolutionary outgroup) with the aim to unravel the evolution of mammalian miRNAs. Our analyses reveal an overall expansion of miRNA repertoires in mammals, with threefold accelerated birth rates of miRNA families in placentals and marsupials, facilitated by the de novo emergence of miRNAs in host gene introns. Generally, our analyses suggest a high rate of miRNA family turnover in mammals with many newly emerged miRNA families being lost soon after their formation. Selectively preserved mammalian miRNA families gradually evolved higher expression levels, as well as altered mature sequences and target gene repertoires, and were apparently mainly recruited to exert regulatory functions in nervous tissues. However, miRNAs that originated on the X chromosome evolved high expression levels and potentially diverse functions during spermatogenesis, including meiosis, through selectively driven duplication-divergence processes. Overall, our study thus provides detailed insights into the birth and evolution of mammalian miRNA genes and the associated selective forces.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/02/2013 9:24
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:33
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