Permafrost is warming at a global scale

Details

Ressource 1Download: Biskaborn et al 2019 Permafrost warming at global scale.pdf (5919.04 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3D26E6F88E85
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Permafrost is warming at a global scale
Journal
Nature Communications
Author(s)
Biskaborn B.K., Smith S.L., Noetzli J., Matthes H., Vieira G., Streletskiy D.A., Schoeneich P., Romanovsky V.E., Lewkowicz A.G., Abramov A., Allard M., Boike J., Cable W.L., Christiansen H.H., Delaloye R., Diekmann B., Drozdov D., Etzelmüller B., Grosse G., Guglielmin M., Ingeman-Nielsen T., Isaksen K., Ishikawa M., Johansson M., Johannsson H., Joo A., Kaverin D., Kholodov A., Konstantinov P., Kröger T., Lambiel C., Lanckman J.-P., Luo D., Malkova G., Meiklejohn I., Moskalenko N., Oliva M., Phillips M., Ramos M., Sannel A.B.K., Sergeev D., Seybold C., Skryabin P., Vasiliev A., Wu Q., Yoshikawa K., Zheleznyak M., Lantuit H.
ISSN
2041-1723
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Volume
10
Pages
264
Language
english
Abstract
Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007–2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10 °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.
Publisher's website
Open Access
Yes
Create date
11/02/2019 10:33
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:33
Usage data