Long-term follow-up of follicular lymphoma (FL) patients receiving single agent rituximab at two different schedules in trial SAKK 35/98


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Long-term follow-up of follicular lymphoma (FL) patients receiving single agent rituximab at two different schedules in trial SAKK 35/98
Title of the conference
15th Congress of the European-Cancer-Organization/34th Multidisciplinary Congress of the European-Society-for-Medical-Oncology
Martinelli G., Schmitz S.F.Hsu, Hess U., Okkinga E., Stupp R., Taverna C., Vorobiof D., Heizmann M., Dietrich P.Y., Ghielmini M.
Berlin, Germany, September 20-24, 2009
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EJC Supplements
Meeting Abstract
Background: In FL, Rituximab as a single agent delivered in the standard schedule (4 times weekly) may induce a response rate of 50−70% with an event-free survival (EFS) of 1−3 years according to patients' characteristics. Prolonged Rituximab exposure seems to improve EFS at least in responding patients and to increase the rate of longterm responders. Here we report long-term results of a clinical trial comparing single agent Rituximab delivered in the standard schedule versus prolonged exposure, with focus on the proportion of long-term responders and their characteristics.
Material and Methods: Between 1998 and 2002, chemotherapy na¨ıve (n = 64) or pre-treated (n = 138) FL patients received Rituximab in the standard schedule. Those responding or with stable disease were randomized to no further treatment (observation, n = 78) or 4 additional doses of Rituximab given at 2-month intervals (prolonged exposure, n = 73). EFS was calculated from the first dose of standard schedule until progression, relapse, second tumor or death.
Results: At a median follow up of 9.4 years and with all living patients having been followed for at least 5 years, the median EFS is 13 months for the observation and 24 months for the prolonged exposure arm (p = 0.0007). In the observation arm 13% had no event at 5-years and only 4% at 8 years, while in the prolonged exposure arm it was 27% at 5 years and remained 21% at 8 years. The only significant prognostic factor for EFS in a multivariate Cox regression was the prolonged Rituximab schedule (hazard ratio 0.58, CI 0.39−0.86, p = 0.007), whereas being chemotherapy na¨ıve, presenting with stage <IV and showing a VV phenotype at position 158 of the Fc receptor RIIIA were not of significant prognostic value. No long-term toxicity from treatment was observed. There were 22 cases of second malignancy: 12 on observation, 10 on prolonged exposure. 5 patients developed myelodysplastic syndrome; all received previous chemotherapy treatment. Conclusions: Our results confirm that the prolonged exposure to Rituximab significantly improves EFS as compared to the standard schedule. This benefit continues for many years after the end of therapy and the prolonged exposure seems to be the sole factor which may be considered of prognostic value. Patients treated with prolonged schedule (8 doses of Rituximab) may have approximately 25% and 20% chances to be in remission at 5 and 8 years respectively and to avoid subsequent chemotherapy treatment.
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21/01/2010 16:26
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20/08/2019 14:33
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