The smoking epidemic in Switzerland--an empirical examination of the theory of diffusion of innovations

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3B95E0B9A1F7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The smoking epidemic in Switzerland--an empirical examination of the theory of diffusion of innovations
Journal
Sozial- und Praventivmedizin
Author(s)
Kuntsche  S., Gmel  G.
ISSN
0303-8408 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Volume
50
Number
6
Pages
344-54
Notes
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Cultural and sex differences in smoking rates among countries indicate different phases of the smoking epidemic. Their background is summarized in a four-stage model based on the Rogers Theory of Diffusion of Innovations. First, to test predictions of the Rogers theory and, second, to test whether, according to the theory, today's innovative process is smoking cessation, predicted by higher rates of cessation among the more highly educated and among men of all educational levels. METHODS: Data covered respondents older than 24 years from two Swiss Health Surveys (1997 and 2002). Logistic regression models were on lifetime smoking versus never-smoking, and on former smoking versus current smoking. RESULTS: Declining smoking rates in both sexes over time, measured by birth cohorts, indicate that the epidemic has peaked, but women of all educational levels and men of lower education still show high prevalence rates. The gap between higher-educated and lower-educated individuals is widening. CONCLUSION: Smoking prevalence is expected to decline further, particularly among women and little educated men. The incidence of tobacco-related diseases in women is predicted to exceed that of men, owing to their lower cessation rates.
Keywords
Adult Age Factors Aged Cohort Studies Cross-Sectional Studies *Diffusion of Innovation *Disease Outbreaks Educational Status Female Health Surveys Humans Male Middle Aged Sex Factors Smoking/adverse effects/*epidemiology/prevention & control Smoking Cessation/statistics & numerical data Socioeconomic Factors Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 17:16
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:31
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