Short term high-intensity interval training in patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery increases aerobic fitness.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_3AEC8F78D55F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Short term high-intensity interval training in patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery increases aerobic fitness.
Journal
BMC sports science, medicine & rehabilitation
Author(s)
Michel A., Gremeaux V., Muff G., Pache B., Geinoz S., Larcinese A., Benaim C., Kayser B., Demartines N., Hübner M., Martin D., Besson C.
ISSN
2052-1847 (Print)
ISSN-L
2052-1847
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/04/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Number
1
Pages
61
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Prehabilitation may improve postoperative clinical outcomes among patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. This study evaluated the potential effects of a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program performed before major abdominal surgery on patients' cardiorespiratory fitness and functional ability (secondary outcomes of pilot trial NCT02953119).
Patients were included before surgery to engage in a low-volume HIIT program with 3 sessions per week for 3 weeks. Cardiopulmonary exercise and 6-min walk (6MWT) testing were performed pre- and post-prehabilitation.
Fourteen patients completed an average of 8.6 ± 2.2 (mean ± SD) sessions during a period of 27.9 ± 6.1 days. After the program, [Formula: see text]O <sub>2</sub> peak (+ 2.4 ml min <sup>-1</sup> kg <sup>-1</sup> , 95% CI 0.8-3.9, p = 0.006), maximal aerobic power (+ 16.8 W, 95% CI 8.2-25.3, p = 0.001), [Formula: see text]O <sub>2</sub> at anaerobic threshold (+ 1.2 ml min <sup>-1</sup> kg <sup>-1</sup> , 95%CI 0.4-2.1, p = 0.009) and power at anaerobic threshold (+ 12.4 W, 95%CI 4.8-20, p = 0.004) were improved. These changes were not accompanied by improved functional capacity (6MWT: + 2.6 m, 95% CI (- 19.6) to 24.8, p = 0.800).
A short low-volume HIIT program increases cardiorespiratory fitness but not walking capacity in patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery. These results need to be confirmed by larger studies.
Keywords
Aerobic capacity, CPET, Exercise, Major abdominal surgery, Prehabilitation
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
09/04/2022 8:36
Last modification date
21/11/2022 8:30
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