Language roulette : the effect of random placement on refugees' labour market integration

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3AD82764DCD6
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Language roulette : the effect of random placement on refugees' labour market integration
Journal
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Author(s)
Auer Daniel
ISSN
1369-183X
1469-9451
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Volume
44
Number
3
Pages
341-362
Language
english
Abstract
Placement of refugees and subsequent labour market integration within a host country represents a key challenge for policymakers and has emerged as one of the most divisive topics in the public debate. Immigration policy in Switzerland adopts random placement of asylum seekers across its different language regions. Hence, this policy allows to estimate the causal effect of language skills on employment chances, as refugees are exogenously placed across regions where the spoken language could either match or deviate from individual language skills. The results of this ‘natural experiment’ indicate substantially higher probabilities of finding employment when asylum seekers are placed in regions with a lingua franca that matches their individual language skills. Additionally, the findings suggest that language course participation can offset the reduced likelihood of employment in cases of a language mismatch. While random placement of refugees may be desirable for political reasons, it is detrimental to the economic integration process. Thereby, the study draws relevant conclusions for a larger European immigration policy.
Keywords
Demography, immigration policy, labour market integration, language proficiency effect, natural experiment
Open Access
Yes
Create date
27/03/2017 16:56
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:30
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