Manifestations retiniennes au cours du SIDA. [Retinal manifestations of AIDS]

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3ACEFC1059C1
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Manifestations retiniennes au cours du SIDA. [Retinal manifestations of AIDS]
Journal
Revue du Praticien
Author(s)
Cassoux  N., Reux  I., Guex-Crosier  Y., LeHoang  P.
ISSN
0035-2640 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/1996
Volume
46
Number
14
Pages
1745-9
Notes
English Abstract
Journal Article --- Old month value: Sep 15
Abstract
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is the most common retinal opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and is the main cause of blindness. It is generally associated with a CD4+ lymphocyte count below 50/microL. CMV retinitis is often asymptomatic (54% of the cases), frequent ophtalmoscopic screening is very important. Two virostatic drugs (Cymevan and Foscavir) have been approved for the treatment of CMV retinitis. Both are effective in preventing the progression of the lesion within 3 weeks of induction therapy. Long-term use of virostatic maintenance therapy delays the onset of relapses. The differential diagnosis of CMV retinitis are: human immunodeficiency virus retinopathy, varicella-zoster virus retinitis, ocular toxoplasmosis, syphilis, candida endophthalmitis in intravenous drug users, and unfrequently, tuberculosis, choroidal pneumocystosis, intraocular lymphoma.
Keywords
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/complications/*diagnosis/therapy Chorioretinitis/complications Cytomegalovirus Retinitis/complications/*diagnosis/therapy Humans Retinal Diseases/diagnosis/microbiology Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/complications Retinal Vessels Syphilis/complications Toxoplasmosis/complications
Pubmed
Create date
28/01/2008 12:46
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:30
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