Adaptation to developmental diet influences the response to selection on age at reproduction in the fruit fly.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3A1060395126
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Adaptation to developmental diet influences the response to selection on age at reproduction in the fruit fly.
Journal
Journal of evolutionary biology
Author(s)
May C.M., van den Heuvel J., Doroszuk A., Hoedjes K.M., Flatt T., Zwaan B.J.
ISSN
1420-9101 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1010-061X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Number
5
Pages
425-437
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Experimental evolution (EE) is a powerful tool for addressing how environmental factors influence life-history evolution. While in nature different selection pressures experienced across the lifespan shape life histories, EE studies typically apply selection pressures one at a time. Here, we assess the consequences of adaptation to three different developmental diets in combination with classical selection for early or late reproduction in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We find that the response to each selection pressure is similar to that observed when they are applied independently, but the overall magnitude of the response depends on the selection regime experienced in the other life stage. For example, adaptation to increased age at reproduction increased lifespan across all diets; however, the extent of the increase was dependent on the dietary selection regime. Similarly, adaptation to a lower calorie developmental diet led to faster development and decreased adult weight, but the magnitude of the response was dependent on the age-at-reproduction selection regime. Given that multiple selection pressures are prevalent in nature, our findings suggest that trade-offs should be considered not only among traits within an organism, but also among adaptive responses to different-sometimes conflicting-selection pressures, including across life stages.
Keywords
Adaptation, Physiological/genetics, Animals, Diet, Drosophila melanogaster/genetics, Drosophila melanogaster/physiology, Female, Life Cycle Stages, Male, Sexual Maturation/genetics, Sexual Maturation/physiology, ageing, experimental evolution, life-history evolution, phenotypic plasticity
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
23/02/2019 22:09
Last modification date
07/07/2020 6:20
Usage data