Histories of Urban Deltascapes: A Comparison of Arles and Kolkata

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State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_395382AEC1D7
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Histories of Urban Deltascapes: A Comparison of Arles and Kolkata
Journal
Global Environment
Author(s)
Mukherjee Jenia, Morera Raphaël, Guerrin Joana, Véron René
ISSN
1973-3739
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/09/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
14
Number
3
Pages
505-534
Language
english
Abstract
Delta cities are exposed to cycles of fluvial risks that have been managed across space and time. Floods and flood mitigation in urban deltascapes are therefore dependent on territorial and historicised dynamics. This paper uses historical urban political ecology to unravel the changing interactions between biophysical and political-economic processes affecting urban deltascapes in particular periods from the sixteenth century onwards. We present two case studies: Arles (on the Rhône Delta, France) and Kolkata (on the Bengal Delta, India). Our empirical findings point to the influence of connected global processes and to similarities in historical trajectories. In particular, both case studies reveal state efforts to ‘fix’ the fluid deltascape originally managed by local institutions, altered flood vulnerabilities (in terms of frequency, intensity and space), and more recent initiatives of mediation between interest groups. Through this unexpected comparison, more generally, we aim to contribute to a (global) environmental history that is sensitive both to local specificities and complexities and to the influence of global processes.
Keywords
Arles, Kolkata, deltas, environmental history, floods, political ecology
Create date
27/09/2021 11:51
Last modification date
05/10/2021 6:40
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