The Feminization of Occupations and Change in Wages : a Panel Analysis of Britain, Germany, and Switzerland

Details

Ressource 1Download: BIB_394986C05943.P001.pdf (278.65 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: Not specified
Serval ID
serval:BIB_394986C05943
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The Feminization of Occupations and Change in Wages : a Panel Analysis of Britain, Germany, and Switzerland
Journal
Social Forces
Author(s)
Murphy E., Oesch D.
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
3
Number
94
Pages
1221–1255
Language
english
Abstract
In the past four decades, women have made major inroads into occupations previously dominated by men. This paper examines whether occupational feminization is accompanied by a decline in wages: Do workers suffer a wage penalty if they remain in, or move into, feminizing occupations? We analyze this question over the 1990s and 2000s in Britain, Germany, and Switzerland, using longitudinal panel data to estimate individual fixed effects for men and women. Moving from an entirely male to an entirely female occupation entails a loss in individual earnings of 13 percent in Britain, 7 percent in Switzerland, and 3 percent in Germany. The impact of occupational feminization on wages is not linear, but sets apart occupations holding more than 60 percent of women. Moving into such female occupations incurs a wage penalty. Contrary to the prevailing idea in economics, differences in productivity-human capital, job-specific skills, and time investment-do not fully explain the wage gap between male and female occupations. The wage penalty associated with working in a female occupation is also much larger where employer discretion is greater-in the private sector-than where wagesetting is guided by formal rules-the public sector. These findings suggest that wage
disparities across male and female occupations are due to gender devaluation.
Open Access
Yes
Create date
01/09/2015 15:56
Last modification date
29/08/2019 15:15
Usage data