A multicenter prospective phase II study of postoperative hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancers with high risk margins: the STEREO POSTOP GORTEC 2017-03 trial.

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License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_38F129A5884C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A multicenter prospective phase II study of postoperative hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the treatment of early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancers with high risk margins: the STEREO POSTOP GORTEC 2017-03 trial.
Journal
BMC cancer
Author(s)
Biau J., Thivat E., Millardet C., Saroul N., Pham-Dang N., Molnar I., Pereira B., Durando X., Bourhis J., Lapeyre M.
ISSN
1471-2407 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1471-2407
Publication state
Published
Issued date
05/08/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
20
Number
1
Pages
730
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Primary surgery is usually the mainstay treatment in early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancer. Typically, neck surgery is performed. Negative tumor margins are recommended (> 5 mm). If feasible, re-resection of any positive margin is preferred. Otherwise, postoperative radiotherapy is required. Adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy can be limited to the primary site for patients with pT1-T2 tumors and negative neck exploration. Currently, both fractionated external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy can have a role in the postoperative management of early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancer with high risk margins. Another possible alternative could be postoperative stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). The aim of this study is to evaluate postoperative SBRT in the treatment of early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancer with high risk margins.
The STEREO POSTOP study is a national, open-label, non-randomized phase II trial within the GORTEC network. Patients with early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancers with high risk margins indicating the need for postoperative radiation are eligible for enrollment. SBRT consists of a total dose of 36 Gy in 6 fractions over 2 weeks. The primary endpoint is severe late toxicity defined as 2-year toxicity of grade ≥ 3 according to CTCAE V4.03 classification. The secondary endpoints include acute toxicity (≤ 3 months), local and locoregional control, disease-free and overall survival, quality of life of patients, nutritional impact and predictive factors of toxicity. The experimental design chosen is a one-step Fleming plan design without interim analysis as the primary endpoint will be evaluated at a 2-year follow-up. Ninety patients will be recruited. The study was started in January 2018 with a 4-year enrollment period and an estimated completion in January 2024.
This study is the first prospective trial to evaluate head and neck cancer postoperative SBRT in the setting of early-stage oropharyngeal and oral cavity cancers with high risk margins. SBRT is an attractive option because it delivers a highly conformal dose of radiation in a limited number of fractions (like brachytherapy but with less contraindication), with steep dose gradients resulting in reduced normal tissue irradiation and with a short overall treatment time.
Clinicaltrials.gov : NCT03401840 , registered on 17-1-2018. Identifier in French National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Health Products (ANSM): N°ID - RCB 2017-A02058-45, registered on July 2017. Protocol version: Version 3 dated from 25th November 2019.
Keywords
Hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT), Oropharyngeal and Oral cavity cancers, Postoperative radiotherapy
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/08/2020 10:19
Last modification date
15/01/2021 7:08
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