Can we measure accurately the prevalence of doping?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_384957E87DC2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Can we measure accurately the prevalence of doping?
Journal
Scandinavian Journal of Medecine & Science in Sports
Author(s)
Lentillon-Kaestner V., Ohl F.
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
21
Number
6
Pages
e132-e142
Language
english
Abstract
Questionnaires are used in the majority of the studies ondoping prevalence in sport. Nevertheless, prevalence is noteasy to evaluate and previous epidemiologic studies demonstrateda wide variance. This variance has mostly beenexplained by sample differences. The way to evaluate dopingprevalence in the survey is questioned in this paper. Aquestionnaire was administered to 1810 amateur athletes(993 males, 817 females). Doping use was ascertained invarious ways, using different definitions of doping and typesof question in the survey. Depending on the definition ofdoping and the type of question used, the prevalence ofdoping obtained can differ enormously, between 1.3 and39.2% of athletes. Marijuana and drugs for asthma were thetwo banned substances most used. The majority of athletesoften ignored the banned list and did not use prohibitedsubstances to dope. Using various ways to question athletes,observing the usage of substances, cross checking the data,taking into account the aim of substances uses and thevarious definitions of doping are necessary to give morereliable prevalence of doping. Moreover, doping at anamateur level seems to be less of a sport problem than asocial problem.
Create date
05/08/2011 11:38
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:27
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