Decrease in blood triglycerides associated with the consumption of eggs of hens fed with food supplemented with fish oil

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_36509003F3C5
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Decrease in blood triglycerides associated with the consumption of eggs of hens fed with food supplemented with fish oil
Journal
Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases
Author(s)
Bovet  Pascal, Faeh  David, Madeleine  George, Viswanathan  Bharathi, Paccaud  Fred
ISSN
0939-4753
ISSN-L
0939-4753
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
17
Number
4
Pages
280-287
Language
english
Abstract
BACKGROUND: n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) convey several health benefits, including a reduction of serum concentration of triglycerides (TG). AIM: To examine the effect on blood lipids, particularly TG, of a diet with n-3 PUFA enriched eggs in healthy volunteers in the Seychelles (Indian Ocean). METHODS: Double-blind crossover trial with one group of volunteers fed with 5 normal eggs per week during 3weeks followed by 5 enriched eggs per week during the next 3weeks while the other group received eggs in the inverse sequence. Hen feed was supplemented at 5% with tuna oil. Enriched eggs contained nine times more n-3 PUFA than usual eggs (mainly docosahexaenoic acid). RESULTS: Twenty-five healthy volunteers participated in the study. Based on pooled results observed during the two 3-week periods, consumption of enriched eggs was associated with a significant 16-18% decrease in serum triglycerides (P<0.01) but with no significant difference in serum LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. Serum LDL-cholesterol increased during the first 3-week period and decreased during the second 3-week period with both normal and enriched eggs. Participants did not report a systematic preference for either type of eggs. CONCLUSIONS: Reasonable consumption of n-3 PUFA enriched eggs was associated with a significant decrease in serum triglycerides. These eggs could be a palatably acceptable source of n-3 PUFA.
Keywords
Animal Feed , Eggs , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Triglycerides
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
29/01/2008 14:56
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:24
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