Spontaneous consecutive esotropia.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_35E02B60BE86
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Spontaneous consecutive esotropia.
Journal
Eye
Author(s)
Voide N., Robert M.P.
ISSN
1476-5454 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0950-222X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Number
7
Pages
1197-1200
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Although less frequent than consecutive exotropia, consecutive esotropia is a well-known type of strabismus when it follows the surgical correction of an exotropia. Spontaneous conversion from initial constant, large-angle exotropia beyond the age of 3 months to esotropia or orthophoria, however, is not common. We describe a series of infants who presented a spontaneous evolution from a large-angle infantile exotropia to either an orthophoria or a spontaneously consecutive esotropia.
Cases of infants examined in the pediatric neuro-ophthalmology clinic of a tertiary ophthalmology department between 2009 and 2015, and having presented an early large-angle exotropia that spontaneously converted into an esotropia or orthophoria-i.e., without any previous surgery or botulinum toxin injection-were studied.
Ten cases (6 M:4 F) were followed up. Median age at first exotropia assessment was 3.88 months (SD = 6.35). Median age at spontaneous conversion to esotropia or orthophoria was 7.23 months (SD = 14.73). Six patients suffered from severe neurologic or metabolic diseases, three had neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, and one was healthy.
Spontaneous conversion from initial large-angle exotropia to esotropia or orthophoria can be encountered. The cerebral maturation of visual structures probably accounts for this uncommon strabismus sequence.
Keywords
Esotropia/etiology, Exotropia/complications, Female, Humans, Hyperopia/complications, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Nervous System Diseases/complications, Retrospective Studies
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
10/03/2018 10:16
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:23
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