Comparing Mental Health across Distinct Groups of Users of Psychedelics, MDMA, Psychostimulants, and Cannabis.

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State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_35DDD38EDE47
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Comparing Mental Health across Distinct Groups of Users of Psychedelics, MDMA, Psychostimulants, and Cannabis.
Journal
Journal of psychoactive drugs
Author(s)
Rougemont-Bücking A., Jungaberle H., Scheidegger M., Merlo MCG, Grazioli V.S., Daeppen J.B., Gmel G., Studer J.
ISSN
2159-9777 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0279-1072
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
51
Number
3
Pages
236-246
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Differences in mental health (MH) of users of distinct psychoactive substances have been shown. Both substance use (SU) and MH in users are influenced by stressful life events. This study compared MH parameters in distinct groups of substance users and evaluated the impact of stress factors on these outcomes. Data stem from the longitudinal Swiss Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) involving 4,475 young adult men. Distinct groups were created for the past 12 months' use of psychedelics, MDMA, psychostimulants, and cannabis. MH measurements (depressive symptoms, overall MH, perceived stress, life satisfaction) were used as outcome variables, while indicators of past family functioning and stressful life events served as covariates. The MH of psychedelics users was not significantly different from the no-drug-use group, whereas poorer MH was found in the other SU groups. Observed effects were influenced by the tested stress factors. The absence of association between use of psychedelics and worsening of MH deserves further investigation in male and female samples. Stressful life experiences must be considered when assessing the MH of users of illicit substances. These findings suggest that some men practice SU as self-medication to cope with life adversity.
Keywords
Adult, Central Nervous System Stimulants/administration & dosage, Cohort Studies, Depression/epidemiology, Hallucinogens/administration & dosage, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Marijuana Use/epidemiology, Mental Health, N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine/administration & dosage, Risk Factors, Stress, Psychological/epidemiology, Stress, Psychological/psychology, Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology, Substance-Related Disorders/psychology, Switzerland, Young Adult, Cannabis, MDMA, mental health, psychedelics, psychostimulants, stress events
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
14/03/2019 10:09
Last modification date
26/06/2020 5:21
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