The impact of social relationships on the maintenance of independence in advanced old age: findings of a Swiss Longitudinal Study .

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_35563
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The impact of social relationships on the maintenance of independence in advanced old age: findings of a Swiss Longitudinal Study .
Journal
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Author(s)
Pin S, Guilley E, Spini D, Lalive d'Epinay C
ISSN
0948-6704 (Print)
ISSN-L
0948-6704
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Volume
38
Number
3
Pages
203-209
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The impact of social relationships on the maintenance of independence over periods of 12-18 months in a group of 306 octogenarians is assessed in this study. The study is based on the results of the Swilsoo (Swiss Interdisciplinary Longitudinal Study on the Oldest Old). Participants (80-84 years old at baseline) were interviewed five times between 1994 and 1999. Independence was defined as the capacity to perform without assistance eight activities of daily living. We distinguished in our analyses kinship and friendship networks and evaluated social relationships with the help of a series of variables serving as indicators of network composition and contact frequency. Logistic regression models were used to identify the short-term effects of social relationships on independence, after controlling for sociodemographic and health-related variables; independence at a given wave of interviews was interpreted in the light of social factors measured at the previous wave. Our analyses indicate that the existence of a close friend has a significant impact on the maintenance of independence (OR=1.58, p<0.05), which is not the case with the other variables concerning network composition. Kinship contacts were also observed to have a positive impact on independence (OR=1.12, p<0.01).
Keywords
Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Demography, Educational Status, Female, Friends, Health Status, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Interviews as Topic, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Regression Analysis, Risk Assessment/methods, Risk Factors, Sex Distribution, Social Behavior, Social Class, Statistics as Topic, hic" UI="D013557">Switzerland/epidemiology
Pubmed
Create date
19/11/2007 11:09
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:22
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