Analysis of risk factors in 3901 patients with stroke.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_35335
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Analysis of risk factors in 3901 patients with stroke.
Journal
Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsüeh k'o hsüeh tsa chih / Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Author(s)
Liu X.F., van Melle G., Bogousslavsky J.
ISSN
1001-9294
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2005
Volume
20
Number
1
Pages
35-39
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency of various risk factors for overall stroke and to identify risk factors for cerebral infarction (CI) versus intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in a large hospital-based stroke registry. METHOD: Data from a total of 3901 patients, consisting of 3525 patients with CI and 376 patients with ICH were prospectively coded and entered into a computerized data bank. RESULTS: Hypertension and smoking were the most prominent factors affecting overall stroke followed by mild internal carotid artery stenosis (< 50%), hypercholesterolemia, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), diabetes mellitus, and cardiac ischemia. Univariate analysis showed that factors in male significantly associated with CI versus ICH were old age, a family history of stroke, and intermittent claudication; whereas in female the factors were oral contraception and migraine. By multivariate analysis, in all patients, the factors significantly associated with CI as opposed to ICH were smoking, hypercholesterolemia, migraine, TIAs, atrial fibrillation, structural heart disease, and arterial disease. Hypertension was the only significant factor related with ICH versus CI. CONCLUSIONS: The factors for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are not exactly the same. Cardiac and arterial disease are the most powerful factors associated with CI rather than ICH.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cerebral Hemorrhage/etiology, Cerebral Hemorrhage/genetics, Cerebral Infarction/etiology, Cerebral Infarction/genetics, Female, Humans, Hypertension/complications, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Smoking/adverse effects, Stroke/etiology, Stroke/genetics
Pubmed
Create date
19/11/2007 12:33
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:22
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