Patterns of pain freedom response in 497 cases with classical trigeminal neuralgia and at least one year of follow-up treated by gamma knife radiosurgery


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Patterns of pain freedom response in 497 cases with classical trigeminal neuralgia and at least one year of follow-up treated by gamma knife radiosurgery
Title of the conference
11th International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Congress
Tuleasca C., Carron R., Resseguier N., Donnet A., Roussel P., Gaudart J., Levivier M., Régis J.
Toronto, Canada, June 16-20, 2013
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Purpose: To identify patterns of initially pain freedom response in patients with classical trigeminal neuralgia (CTN) with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and to compare their associated hypoesthesia and recurrence rates.
Methods: In this study we analysed only 497 patients treated between July 1992 and November 2010, with a follow-up longer than 1 year, after excluding megadolichobasilar artery and multiple sclerosis related trigeminal neuralgia, as well as the second GKS treatments so as to have only cases with CTN and single radiosurgical treatment. GKS using a Gamma Knife (model B or C or Perfexion) was performed, based on both MRI and computer tomography (CT) targeting. A single 4-mm isocenter was positioned in the cisternal portion of the trigeminal nerve at a median distance of 7.8 mm (range 4.5-14) anteriorly to the emergence of the nerve. A median maximum dose of 85 Gy (range 70-90) was delivered. After empiric methods but also by using a chart with clear cut-off periods of pain free distribution, we were able to divide the initially pain free patients into 3 separate groups: within the first 48 hours, after 48 hours till 30 days and after 30 days, respectively.
Results: The median follow- up period was 43.75 months (range 12-174.41). Four hundred and fifty-four patients (91.75%) were initially pain free in a median time of 10 days (range 1-459): 169 (37.2%) became pain free within the first 48 hours (pf<=48 h), compared to 194 (42.8%) between the 3-rd day and the day 30 (pf (>48 h, <=30 d)), inclusively and 91 (20%) patients after 30 days (pf>30d). Differences in terms of postoperative hypoesthesia were found with a p value of 0.014 as follows: the group pf<=48 h had 18 (13.7%) compared to pf (>48 h, <=30 d) with 30 (19%) and pf>30d with 22 (30.5%) patients developing a postoperative GKS hypoesthesia. One hundred and fifty seven (34.4%) patients initially pain free experienced a recurrence with a median delay of 24 months (range 0.62-150.06). There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups concerning recurrence (p value of 0.515).
Conclusions: An important number of patients (169 cases, 37.2%) became pain free in the first 48 hours. Hypoesthesia rate was higher within the group becoming pain free after 30 days with a statistically significant difference between the three populations (p= 0.014). Further analysis will eventually help to elucidate the differences observed among groups.
Pain free, trigeminal neuralgia, Gamma Knife radiosurgery, , pattern, response
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24/08/2013 11:45
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20/08/2019 13:22
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