Instruments measuring spirituality in clinical research: a systematic review.

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Ressource 1Download: serval:BIB_34C0EFC17391.P001 (1279.66 [Ko])
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It was possible to publish this article open access thanks to a Swiss National Licence with the publisher.
Serval ID
serval:BIB_34C0EFC17391
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Instruments measuring spirituality in clinical research: a systematic review.
Journal
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Author(s)
Monod S., Brennan M., Rochat E., Martin E., Rochat S., Büla C.J.
ISSN
0884-8734
1525-1497 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0884-8734
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2011
Volume
26
Number
11
Pages
1345-1357
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Numerous instruments have been developed to assess spirituality and measure its association with health outcomes. This study's aims were to identify instruments used in clinical research that measure spirituality; to propose a classification of these instruments; and to identify those instruments that could provide information on the need for spiritual intervention.
METHODS: A systematic literature search in MEDLINE, CINHAL, PsycINFO, ATLA, and EMBASE databases, using the terms "spirituality" and "adult$," and limited to journal articles was performed to identify clinical studies that used a spiritual assessment instrument. For each instrument identified, measured constructs, intended goals, and data on psychometric properties were retrieved. A conceptual and a functional classification of instruments were developed.
RESULTS: Thirty-five instruments were retrieved and classified into measures of general spirituality (N = 22), spiritual well-being (N = 5), spiritual coping (N = 4), and spiritual needs (N = 4) according to the conceptual classification. Instruments most frequently used in clinical research were the FACIT-Sp and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Data on psychometric properties were mostly limited to content validity and inter-item reliability. According to the functional classification, 16 instruments were identified that included at least one item measuring a current spiritual state, but only three of those appeared suitable to address the need for spiritual intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: Instruments identified in this systematic review assess multiple dimensions of spirituality, and the proposed classifications should help clinical researchers interested in investigating the complex relationship between spirituality and health. Findings underscore the scarcity of instruments specifically designed to measure a patient's current spiritual state. Moreover, the relatively limited data available on psychometric properties of these instruments highlight the need for additional research to determine whether they are suitable in identifying the need for spiritual interventions.
Keywords
Adaptation, Psychological, Biomedical Research/methods, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Services Needs and Demand, Humans, Psychometrics, Quality of Life/psychology, Questionnaires, Religion, Spirituality, Stress, Psychological
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
03/11/2011 10:29
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:17
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