Short-term effects of exposure to ambient PM<sub>1</sub>, PM<sub>2.5</sub>, and PM<sub>10</sub> on ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke incidence in Shandong Province, China.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_34ACA891E086
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Short-term effects of exposure to ambient PM<sub>1</sub>, PM<sub>2.5</sub>, and PM<sub>10</sub> on ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke incidence in Shandong Province, China.
Journal
Environmental research
Author(s)
Wu H., Zhang B., Wei J., Lu Z., Zhao M., Liu W., Bovet P., Guo X., Xi B.
ISSN
1096-0953 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0013-9351
Publication state
Published
Issued date
27/04/2022
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
212
Number
Pt C
Pages
113350
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Short-term exposure to ambient PM <sub>2.5</sub> and PM <sub>10</sub> is associated with increased risk of mortality and hospital admissions for stroke. However, there is less evidence regarding the effect of exposure to PM <sub>1</sub> on stroke incidence. We estimated the incidence risk of stroke and the attributable fractions related to short-term exposure to ambient PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> and PM <sub>10</sub> in China.
County-specific incidence of stroke was obtained from health statistics in years 2014-2019. We linked county-level mean daily concentrations of PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> and PM <sub>10</sub> with stroke incidence. We used the time stratified case-crossover design to estimate the associations between stroke incidence and exposure to PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> and PM <sub>10</sub> . We also estimated the disease burden fractions attributable to PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> , and PM <sub>10</sub> .
The study included a total of 2,193,954 stroke, from which 1,861,331 were ischemic and 332,623 were hemorrhagic stroke. PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> , and PM <sub>10</sub> levels were associated with increased risks of total stroke and ischemic stroke at when assessing the associations in exposure at lag0-4 days. The increase of 10 μg/m <sup>3</sup> in PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> , and PM <sub>10</sub> was associated with total stroke, and the relative risks were 1.012 (95% confidence interval: 1.008, 1.015), 1.006 (1.004, 1.007) and 1.003 (1.002, 1.004), while the associations with ischemic stroke were 1.013 (1.010, 1.017), 1.006 (1.005, 1.008) and 1.003 (1.002, 1.004), respectively. There was no significant association between PM and risk of hemorrhagic stroke. The attributable fractions of total stroke were 6.9% (5.1%, 8.5%), 5.6% (4.2%, 6.8%) and 5.6% (3.9%, 7.1%) for PM <sub>1</sub> , PM <sub>2.5</sub> , and PM <sub>10</sub> , respectively.
PM <sub>1</sub> showed a stronger association with stroke, with a larger attributable fraction of outcomes, than PM <sub>2.5</sub> and PM <sub>10</sub> . Clean air policies should target the whole scope of PM, including PM <sub>1</sub> .
Keywords
Disease burden, Hemorrhagic stroke, Ischemic stroke, Particulate matter, competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared, to influence the work reported in this paper.
Pubmed
Create date
05/05/2022 9:35
Last modification date
06/07/2022 6:35
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