Impact of Sirtuin 2 knockout on innate immune responses


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Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Impact of Sirtuin 2 knockout on innate immune responses
Title of the conference
European Congress of Immunology
Ciarlo E., Lugrin J., dos Santos Pinheiro I., Le Roy D., Moulan N., Yamamoto H., Acha-Orbea H., Calandra T., Auwerx J., Roger T.
Sep 05-08, 2012; Glasgow, Scotland
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Purpose/Objective: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) deacetylate histones and transcriptional regulators thereby affecting numerous biological functions. Seven mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7) constitute the NAD-dependent class III subfamily of HDACs. Sirtuins are the center of great interest due to their regulatory role in the control of metabolism, ageing and age-related diseases. Up to now, little is known about the influence of sirtuins on immune responses, and nothing about the role of SIRT2. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of SIRT2 knockout on immune cell development and innate immune responses in vitro and in vivo.
Materials and methods: SIRT2 germline knockout were produced on a C57BL/6J background. The cellularity of thymus and spleen was assessed by flow cytometry (n = 3). Bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs) and dendritic cells (BMDCs) and splenocytes were stimulated with LPS, Pam3CSK4 lipopeptide, CpG ODN, E. coli, S. aureus, TSST-1, SEB, anti-CD3+ CD28 and concanavalin A (n = 3_8). TNF, IL-2, IL-6, IL-12p40 and IFNc production, SIRT1_7 and CD40 expression, and proliferation were quantified by real time-PCR, ELISA, flow cytometry and H3-thymidine incorporation. Mice (n = 6_16) were challenged with LPS, TNF/D-galactosamine, E. coli and K. pneumonia titrated to cause either mild or severe infections or shock. Blood was collected to quantify cytokines and bacteria. Mortality was checked regularly.
Results: SIRT2 is the most expressed sirtuin in macrophages and myeloid DCs. To test whether SIRT2 impacts on innate immune responses, we generated SIRT2 germline knockout mice. SIRT2-/- mice born at the expected Mendelian ratio and develop normally. The proportions and absolute numbers of DN1-4, DP and SP thymocytes, and of T-cells (DN and SP, naı¨ve and memory), B-cells (immature and mature), DCs (cDCs and pDCs) and granulocytes in the spleen are similar in SIRT2+/+ and SIRT2-/- mice. SIRT2+/+ and SIRT2-/- BMDMs, BMDCs and splenocytes produce cytokines (RNA and protein), upregulate CD40, and proliferate to the same extent. SIRT2+/+ and SIRT2-/- mice respond similarly (cytokine blood levels, bacterial counts and mortality) to non-severe and lethal endotoxemia, E. coli peritonitis, K. pneumonia pneumonia and TNF-induced shock.
Conclusions: SIRT2 knockout has no dramatic impact on the development of immune cells and on innate immune responses in vitro and in vivo. Considering that SIRT2 may participate to control metabolic homeostasis, we are currently assessing the impact of SIRT2 deficiency on innate immune responses under metabolic stress.
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18/12/2012 12:45
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20/08/2019 14:20
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