Multidimensional Assessment of COVID-19-Related Fears (MAC-RF): A Theory-Based Instrument for the Assessment of Clinically Relevant Fears During Pandemics

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_33F32C8E0682
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Multidimensional Assessment of COVID-19-Related Fears (MAC-RF): A Theory-Based Instrument for the Assessment of Clinically Relevant Fears During Pandemics
Journal
Frontiers in Psychiatry
Author(s)
Schimmenti Adriano, Starcevic Vladan, Giardina Alessandro, Khazaal Yasser, Billieux Joël
ISSN
1664-0640
ISSN-L
1664-0640
Publication state
Published
Issued date
31/07/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
In this article, we present the development and psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Assessment of COVID-19--Related Fears (MAC-RF). The MAC-RF is an eight-item, self-report scale that has been developed to assess clinically relevant domains of fear during the COVID-19 pandemic. The MAC-RF is based on a comprehensive theoretical model conceptualizing fears during the pandemics as resulting from an interaction of bodily, interpersonal, cognitive, and behavioral experiences. The MAC-RF was administered to a sample of 623 Italian adults from the community aged between 18 and 76 years old (M= 35.67, SD= 12.93), along with a measure of current clinical symptoms. Item response theory analyses demonstrated that each item of the MAC-RF provided sufficient information about the underlying construct of fear. The statistical fit of the scale was satisfactory. MAC-RF total scores correlated significantly and positively with total scores on the measure of psychopathology and with the clinical symptom domain scores. A ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve analysis showed that the MAC-RF total score was sufficiently able to identify cases with high levels of current psychopathology, with an area under the curve of.76. These findings suggest that the MAC-RF can be used to assess pathological fear during pandemics. The English, Italian, and French versions of the MAC-RF are annexed to this article for use by clinicians and health services.
Keywords
Psychiatry and Mental health
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
06/08/2020 16:43
Last modification date
16/09/2020 5:24
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