A neuropeptide-centric view of psychostimulant addiction

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_339BC65557FE
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
A neuropeptide-centric view of psychostimulant addiction
Journal
British Journal of Pharmacology
Author(s)
Boutrel Benjamin
ISSN
0007-1188
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
154
Number
2
Pages
343-357
Language
english
Notes
SAPHIRID:68249
Abstract
Drugs of abuse all share common properties classically observed in human beings and laboratory animals. They enhance neural firing and dopamine tone within the nucleus accumbens and produce progressively greater drug-induced motor responses defined as behavioural sensitization. They produce conditioned place preference, a behavioural model of incentive motivation, which highlights the role of environmental cues in drug addiction. They increase brain reward function as seen by a lowering of intracranial self-stimulation thresholds. And last but not least, they are self-administered, and sometimes even abused, and can trigger reinstatement of drug-seeking behaviour in animals extinguished from drug self-administration. It has long been considered that the reinforcing properties of virtually all drugs of abuse, more specifically psychostimulants, are primarily dependent on activation of the mesolimbic dopamine system. However, recent evidence raises the importance of dopamine-independent mechanisms in reward-related behaviours. The overwhelming body of evidence that indicates a critical role for the mesolimbic dopamine system in the reinforcing effect of psychostimulants should not mask the key contribution of other modulatory systems in the brain. This review summarizes the complex and subtle role of several neuropeptidergic systems in various aspects of addictive behaviours observed in laboratory animals exposed to psychostimulants. A special emphasis is given to the cannabinoid, opioid, nociceptin/orphanin FQ, corticotropin-releasing factor and hypocretin/orexin systems. The relevance of these systems viewed as potential therapeutic targets for drug addiction is discussed in the light of their narrow pharmacological profile and their effectiveness in preventing drug addiction at doses usually not accompanied by severe side effects.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
16/06/2008 16:55
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:19
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