Converging evidence for greater male variability in time, risk, and social preferences.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_3337BB15138C
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Converging evidence for greater male variability in time, risk, and social preferences.
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Author(s)
Thöni C., Volk S.
ISSN
1091-6490 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0027-8424
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/06/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
118
Number
23
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Gender differences in time, risk, and social preferences are important determinants of differential choices of men and women, with broad implications for gender-specific social and economic outcomes. To better understand the shape and form of gender differences in preferences, researchers have traditionally examined the mean differences between the two genders. We present an alternative perspective of greater male variability in preferences. In a meta-analysis of experimental economics studies with more than 50,000 individuals in 97 samples, we find converging evidence for greater male variability in time, risk, and social preferences. In some cases, we find greater male variability in addition to mean differences; in some cases, we only find greater male variability. Our findings suggest that theories of gender differences are incomplete if they fail to consider how the complex interaction of between-gender differences and within-gender variability determines differential choices and outcomes between women and men.
Keywords
gender, greater male variability, meta-analysis, preferences
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
06/09/2021 9:43
Last modification date
10/09/2021 6:37
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