Effects of endurance training on oxidative capacity and structural composition of human arm and leg muscles.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_325F580332E9
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Effects of endurance training on oxidative capacity and structural composition of human arm and leg muscles.
Journal
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
Author(s)
Turner D.L., Hoppeler H., Claassen H., Vock P., Kayser B., Schena F., Ferretti G.
ISSN
0001-6772 (Print)
ISSN-L
0001-6772
Publication state
Published
Issued date
1997
Volume
161
Number
4
Pages
459-464
Language
english
Abstract
Six healthy subjects performed endurance training of the same duration with legs and arms consecutively. Performance and muscle structure were measured before and after training in lower and upper limbs. Training induced similar increases in maximal oxygen consumption (6 +/- 1 vs. 7 +/- 2 mL min-1 kg-1: legs vs. arms, P > 0.05) and mitochondrial volume in leg and arm muscles (42 +/- 12 vs. 31 +/- 11%: legs vs. arms, P > 0.05). The gain in mitochondrial volume after training was achieved solely by increasing the fraction of mitochondria (+40 +/- 11%, P < 0.05) in the same muscle volume (+2 +/- 2%, P > 0.05) in the legs. In contrast, increased muscle volume (+14 +/- 3%, P < 0.05), in addition to a tendency for an increase in mitochondrial fraction (+16 +/- 11%, P > 0.05), occurred in the arms after training. Thus, similar improvements in muscle oxidative capacity in upper and lower limbs were brought about by different mechanisms. It is suggested that due to infrequent use and a lack of load-bearing function, arm muscle volume is underdeveloped in untrained, sedentary or detrained/injured subjects and that the mode of endurance training used in this study is sufficient to enlarge arm muscle volume as well as aerobic capacity.
Keywords
Adult, Arm/physiology, Body Composition/physiology, Data Interpretation, Statistical, Exercise/physiology, Exercise Test, Humans, Leg/physiology, Male, Mitochondria, Muscle/metabolism, Muscle, Skeletal/physiology, Muscle, Skeletal/ultrastructure, Oxygen Consumption/physiology, Physical Endurance
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/09/2013 12:08
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:17
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