Secular trends in height and weight among children and adolescents of the Seychelles, 1956-2006

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_32526417863E
Type
Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Publication sub-type
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Secular trends in height and weight among children and adolescents of the Seychelles, 1956-2006
Title of the conference
16th European Congress on Obesity (ECO), Geneva, Switzerland, 14-17 May 2008
Author(s)
Marques-Vidal  P, Madeleine  G, Romain  S, Bovet  P
ISBN
0307-0565
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Series
International Journal of Obesity
Pages
S212-S212
Language
english
Abstract
Background: Few data is available on long-term secular trends in height and weight in children in countries in transition. We assessed the secular trends in height and weight among representative samples of children and adolescents from the Seychelles (African region).
Methods: Weight and height data from all students of all schools in four selected school grades (kindergarten, 4th, 7th and 10th years) were collected by cross-sectional surveys for periods 1998-9 (3,676 boys, 3,715 girls) and 2005-6 (4,867 boys, 4,846 girls). Data from 1956-7 was extracted from a previously published report.
Results: Height increased, in boys, by 1.6 cm/decade for the period 1956-7 to 1998- 9, and 1.1 cm/decade for the period 1998-8 to 2005-6; in girls, the corresponding figures were 0.9 cm/decade and 1.8 cm/decade. At age 15.5 years, boys/girls were taller by 10/13 cm in 2005-6 than in 1956-7. Weight increased, in boys, by 1.4 kg/decade for the period 1956-7 to 1998-9, and by 2.2 kg/decade for the subsequent period; the corresponding figures in girls were 1.1 kg/decade and 2.5 kg/decade.
Conclusion: Marked upward secular trends in body height and weight were documented in children and adolescents aged <16 years in the Seychelles, consistent with large changes in socio-economic and nutritional indicators in the considered 50- year interval. However, indirect evidence suggests that the secular height gain reflects accelerated growth during childhood over time with less than commensurate impact on adult height. Conversely, the largely steeper secular increase in weight than height is consistent with a pediatric obesity epidemic.
Keywords
Child, Adolescent, Body Height, Body Weight, Seychelles
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
04/03/2009 16:09
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:17
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