Development of allocentric spatial memory abilities in children from 18 months to 5 years of age.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_308EDEA44547
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Development of allocentric spatial memory abilities in children from 18 months to 5 years of age.
Journal
Cognitive Psychology
Author(s)
Ribordy F., Jabès A., Banta Lavenex P., Lavenex P.
ISSN
1095-5623 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0010-0285
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2013
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
66
Number
1
Pages
1-29
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Episodic memories for autobiographical events that happen in unique spatiotemporal contexts are central to defining who we are. Yet, before 2 years of age, children are unable to form or store episodic memories for recall later in life, a phenomenon known as infantile amnesia. Here, we studied the development of allocentric spatial memory, a fundamental component of episodic memory, in two versions of a real-world memory task requiring 18 month- to 5-year-old children to search for rewards hidden beneath cups distributed in an open-field arena. Whereas children 25-42-months-old were not capable of discriminating three reward locations among 18 possible locations in absence of local cues marking these locations, children older than 43 months found the reward locations reliably. These results support previous findings suggesting that allocentric spatial memory, if present, is only rudimentary in children under 3.5 years of age. However, when tested with only one reward location among four possible locations, children 25-39-months-old found the reward reliably in absence of local cues, whereas 18-23-month-olds did not. Our findings thus show that the ability to form a basic allocentric representation of the environment is present by 2 years of age, and its emergence coincides temporally with the offset of infantile amnesia. However, the ability of children to distinguish and remember closely related spatial locations improves from 2 to 3.5 years of age, a developmental period marked by persistent deficits in long-term episodic memory known as childhood amnesia. These findings support the hypothesis that the differential maturation of distinct hippocampal circuits contributes to the emergence of specific memory processes during early childhood.
Keywords
Child Development/physiology, Child, Preschool, Cues, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Memory/physiology, Neuropsychological Tests, Space Perception/physiology
Pubmed
Create date
27/10/2012 18:52
Last modification date
20/08/2019 14:15
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